Waste collection, processing and monetizing would be handed over to private entrepreneurs or groups of companies.
The areas of operation of the private entity would be calculated as suburb or area clusters large enough to be operationally and financially viable.
The waste collection and processing at processing facilities that may be a combination of small, medium and large units would be to standardized templates in terms of equipment required and methodology employed as per norms finalized for such work
The entrepreneurs would be tasked with investing in setting up and then managing the collection and processing as well as the sales infrastructure.
The waste collection system would move to Separate Colored-Bin Collection clusters for each group of house or colony clusters for recyclable items such as paper, bottles, plastics, metallic waste, organic waste would be set up and maintained by these entities.
These would create and encourage waste recycling in the country.
The extremely poor who are currently involved in eking a living through waste scavenging would be gainfully absorbed in the new system and those who have demonstrated capability of being organizer would be given entrepreneur opportunities to set up their own small business units within the larger operations.
All public-private partnership commercial models would be based around the principle of root cost + pre-agreed or set attractive margin for the investor, cost would include all costs including finance cost interest, material and labor basis to ensure a no-loss scenario for the investor while protecting public cost and public-interest.
In the area of waste collection and processing, garbage and waste collection Vehicles of appropriate design and capacities would need to be part of the infrastructure investment required of the private entities.
Waste processing center chains would be set up on the periphery of towns on land that is fundamentally of poor quality or barren. The land would be provided by the government.
Processing facilities will need to be set up underground as first preference. Private enterprise would be invited to upgrade the sewage collection and processing units in a manner designed to produce by-products that are saleable such as fertilizer, gases for fuel, recoverable chemicals etc.
Given the woeful infrastructure that is antiquated and groaning under the weight of increased populations in all cities and towns of the country, the government would undertake, in cooperation with State governments the upgrading of civic infrastructure.
This would in most cases mean the building of new parallel drainage systems to be built to new designs that reflect current realities.
For instance, a dual pipe system would be considered where in one pipe would be for kitchen and bathroom waste water that would be piped to water treatment or processing plants
The second pipe could be laid for collection and piping of household waste of human excreta from toilets such that every household would need to connect to both pipes as defined.
The human waste collection would then be piped to waste processing plants that would result in by-products including gases and fertilizers for sale and use in society leading to clean-green technologies and systems.
These systems would be built in public-private partnerships with the private sector largely providing the management and running of the systems and downstream enterprises.
Sewage treatment would be open to the private sector who would set up collection and treatment plants.
Funding of such plants would also be opened to private sector with the government cross subsidizing where necessary to ensure commercial viability.
Processing Plant projects would be evaluated on the basis of saleable by products by value such as manure, methane gas and other derivatives that can be monetized.
The plant would be established with root-costing-plus margin forming the basis of State Private sector negotiation.
The entrepreneur would be permitted recovery equivalent of two and a half times capital investment free of tax and nil or very low government levy’s shall be imposed as required for ensuring commercial viability.
Once the plant investment is paid for, the state would collect up to 25% of gross sale or profit value and on the profit of the unit
Thereafter r a pre-stipulated tax on net disposable profit would be collected for the public coffers.
Private sector would be encouraged to lay its own pipe system and collection points for a given mass of financially viable product collection by volume area.
Such pipes would be all underground and with capacities that take 75 years growth, with flexibility to double the system in the design phase itself to include the underground cavity and pipe rail systems.
Garbage collection from colonies or population clusters would be turned into a small to medium scale industry
Local garbage collection vehicles would be financed by banks on soft loans to proprietorship / partnership enterprises.
The collection system / vehicles would be designed for compartmentalized collection by garbage by category such as, plastics, glass, paper waste, organic waste, metallic waste etc. for ease of down-line processing.TO BE ADDED